|発表テーマ||Difficulties in daily living, psychosocial development, and the health of children raised by parents with schizophrenia|
|発表学会名||5th International Conference on Families and Children with Parental Mental Health Challenges|
|発表者・共同発表者||Sachiko Tsuchida, Kyoko Amasa, Yuji Miyakoshi, Kyoko Amasa|
|概要||Introduction: Children face difficulties in life when a parent has schizophrenia and continue to struggle throughout adulthood. This study was to describe the daily challenges faced by these children and examine how these experiences affected their psychosocial development and health.
Methods: Unstructured interviews were conducted on 22 Japanese mean aged 35 years old who lived with schizophrenia parents. Asked questions were: What do children of mentally ill parents do on a daily basis? How do these difficulties affect the child’s psychosocial development and health? Data were analyzed by content analysis
Results: Children perceived the parents’ symptoms and behaviors as “socially abnormal”, “not parent-like”, and “a roller coaster”. Children who were not informed about a parent’s condition were confused and left to follow the fluctuating behaviors. These children experienced low confidence, shame, and self identity confusion. Hiding his or her parental illness from the child, surrounding adults conveyed negative messages the child. Meanwhile, children who were informed of a parent’s illness more successfully established their own identities, and maintained consistent attitudes toward mental disorders. These results were heavily dependent upon the strength and resilience of each family. No effective support reached to these families.
Conclusion: Staff members and administrative personnel at healthcare facilities and schools need to provide systematic outreach intervention.