|発表テーマ||A Cross-Sectional Study on Discharge Support Provided by Nurses Working in a Rehabilitation Ward in Japan|
|発表学会名||23rd East Asian Forum of Nursing Scholars|
|主催者||East Asian Forum of Nursing Scholars学会|
|開催地名||Thailand Chiang Mai|
|発表者・共同発表者||Sayaka Yamamoto, Yumiko Momose|
|概要||Background：Patients are hospitalized in rehabilitation wards for recovery their health status. Many patients need supports by nurses before discharge because they have anxiety about their physical status; few studies have focused on discharge support provided by nurses.
Objectives：The purpose of this study was to investigate the present status of discharge support provided by nurses and its influential factors.
Methods：A questionnaire survey was administered to 1,937 nurses who were working at rehabilitation wards in hospitals in Japan. The participants were asked about their experience as a nurse, environment factors (such as cooperation with departments of nutrition and rehabilitation), participation in discharge support seminar, etc. Furthermore, nurses were asked the present status of discharge support using a tool comprising 36 items. Each item is rated from 1 to 4, with a higher score indicating better discharge support. Data was analyzed using a stepwise multiple regression.
Results：In total, 920 participants completed the questionnaire (47.4% response rate). Of these, 903 were valid for analysis. The mean experience (years) as a nurse was 15.7 (SD = 9.9) years and mean experience as a nurse in the rehabilitation ward was 5.2 (SD = 4.2) years. “Cooperating with in-hospital staff (such as social workers or physical therapists)” was the highest as present status of discharge support. The mean total score of discharge support status was 105.5 (SD = 17.3) (144 is the highest). The statistically significant influential factors were working experience in a cerebral vascular ward (β = .348, p = .019), cooperation with nutrition department (β = .417, p = .006), and experience as a nurse (β = .351, p = .019).
Conclusion：Nurses carried out discharge support by cooperating with several kinds of professional staff. The results indicated that the factors influencing discharge support were experience in a cerebrovascular ward and experience as a nurse.