|標題||Effects of Environmental Stimulation on Recognition of Mealtimes in Patients with Dementia|
|掲載誌名||Physical & Occupational Therapy In Geriatrics|
|著者・共著者||◎Masahiro Tanaka, Minoru Hoshiyama|
|概要||Aims: The effects of the environmental setting with passive visual and auditory stimulation on the recognition of lunchtime were investigated in 20 elderly with dementia in a care facility.
Methods: Visual and auditory stimulation, comprising a tablecloth with a vase of flowers on the table and background music was provided
in the usual environment at lunch.
Results: The recognition of lunchtime significantly improved with the stimulation, more with audio-visual stimulation than with visual stimulation
alone. The effects on the memory of lunch were lost 1 hr after lunch or at other meals.
Conclusions: We considered that the environmental stimulation facilitated their cognitive function, possibly via an implicit memory of lunch, but there was no effect on the memory of the lunch.